Since the 1960s, the number of female smokers has continued to increase: the proportion of female smokers has increased from 10 to 22% in 40 years for 15 million smokers in the United States. Women smoke earlier and earlier. The first cigarette is generally smoked between the ages of 14 and 16. Cigarette smoke travels from the lungs to the brain in 10 seconds, transporting it much faster than an intravenous injection of illicit drugs. Smoking cigarettes sends around 4,000 chemicals into the body.
Tobacco and gynecological diseases
Smoking reduces estrogen secretion. Therefore, it can cause menstrual irregularities with irregularities and pain. There is also often a change in the timbre of the voice, which becomes hoarse, and an increase in the hairline. Menopause occurs 1 to 2 years earlier than the average smoker. Hot flashes become more intense and the risk of osteoporosis increases. Tobacco also contributes to the development of precancerous lesions of the cervix.
Tobacco and leather
Due to the lack of oxygen to the skin, smokers are more likely to have a dull, “hazy” complexion. Cellular traffic has slowed and waste has not been eliminated. The skin loses its radiance and elasticity. Wrinkles appear prematurely, 10 to 20 years in advance, especially on the lips. Smoking stimulates the production of free radicals which damage elastin and collagen.
Tobacco and pills
35% of women aged 20 to 44 who take smoke contraceptives increase their risk of cardiovascular disease by 4 to 10. Combining birth control with cigarettes is a serious health hazard, especially after age 35. Indeed, nicotine contributes to the deposition of fat in the blood vessels and damages the arteries. The blood thickens and the risk of thrombosis, stroke and cerebrovascular accident (CVA) increases. These defects are exacerbated by contraceptives.
Tobacco and pregnancy
Smoking reduces female fertility by 50%: it thickens the cervical mucus, preventing the advancement of spermatozoa, a lack of estrogen reduces the quality of the uterine wall and limits the blood flow necessary for implantation of the ovum. Smoking increases the risk of miscarriage by 3 times and the risk of ectopic pregnancy and premature birth by 2 times. There is also a stunted and low oxygen fruit. Its birth weight is usually less than 200 g. In addition, breast-feeding smokers produce 25% less milk than non-smokers.
Tobacco and weight
Smoking reduces taste and smell. In addition, nicotine stimulates the nervous system, which causes hunger, slows the accumulation of fat in adipocytes and artificially increases energy expenditure by up to 200 calories per day compared to a non-smoker. Smokers have a lower weight than if they did not smoke (about 4 kg). Therefore, when you quit smoking, you will simply return to your normal weight. No need to worry! However, physical activity is still recommended for weight stabilization. If you start to gain a lot of weight, try to eat better by reducing the amount of fat and salt.
It may be a good idea to see a dietitian to help stabilize your weight while you quit smoking. Consulting a nutritionist is a surefire way to establish a healthy, balanced diet. The use of dangerous products like laxatives and laxatives is dangerous and is not a solution for long-term weight loss!
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